The peculiarities of activity of legal clinics in the states of Europe


The purpose of the article is to demonstrate the development of the clinical legal movement in Europe and the peculiarities of activity of legal clinics in European counties. Methodology. The methodological basis of the article was a dialectical method of knowledge of social relation, phenomena and processes, which consists in revealing peculiarities of activity of legal clinics in the states of Europe. Also were used the method of system analysis, the historical method, the comparative-legal method. Results. The clinical legal movement in Europe has provided a good opportunity to improve human rights through training the students of law faculties to develop better skills for their future job as a lawyer. The clinical legal movement in Europe began in Central and Eastern Europe and only after some time has become widespread in Western Europe. Today legal clinics operate in almost every country in Europe. The introduction of clinical legal education as a way to bridge the gap between theory and practice has led to the recognition of legal clinics as the best forms of education that motivate students to develop a sense of professionalism, ethics, social responsibility, and to promote democracy and rule of law. The legal clinic in modern realities is the most effective instrument of acquiring practical skills for students who in the process of attraction to the work of the legal clinic can consolidate theoretical knowledge by providing legal assistance. The clinical experience offers an invaluable opportunity to use the received theoretical knowledge of jurisprudence in practice to expand the rights of those whose rights have been violated and who would have no other access to legal assistance. It is noted that special attention needs to be paid to the functioning of legal clinics in Poland and the standards of legal clinics in Poland. The adoption of standards for legal clinics in Europe remains an urgent problem, despite the growth of the number of legal clinics.


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